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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Instructions for Authors

1. Submission: Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript tracking system. Only electronic Word (.doc, .docx, .rtf) files can be submitted, and there is no page limit.

  1. Presentation: Number pages consecutively. The full title should be followed by the full name of all authors, the names and addresses of their institutions, and email addresses and the corresponding author must be identified.
  2. Abstract and keywords: Include an abstract of about 250 words and list of keywords.
  3. Recommended Structure of the Article

4.1. Introduction: The purposes of this section are: (1) present sufficient background information for the understanding and evaluation of the results of the reported study, as well as their relationship to earlier work in the field; and (2) provide the purpose and validation for the present study. It should not, in general, exceed two typed pages.

4.2. Methods and Materials: The purpose of this section is to provide sufficient information on methodology and materials employed, so that competent professionals can reproduce the experiments, numerical simulations or projects reported. For scientific and technical merit, the possibility of reproduction of same or similar results must exist. The Methods and Materials section usually has subheadings, which usually depend on the nature of the reported work (e.g. experimental and/or analytical). Examples of usual elements of a Methods and Materials section are: (1) the procedures for preparing materials, for setting or operating equipment, and for performing measurements, (2) the detailed description of equipment, specimens and constitutive materials, in terms of dimensions, quantities, sources and conditions, (3) the analytical modelling and assumptions; (4) the aspects of mathematical simulations and analyses; (5) evaluation approaches and criteria. Only methods or their variations, which are truly new or have not been accurately presented in the literature, should be described. Others should be only cited with appropriate references.

4.3. Results and Discussion: This section may eventually be separated into two independent sections when the article presents a large volume of raw data in text, tabular or graphical form. Though in this case further care is required to avoid redundancies in the sections. The Results section would present the factual data to substantiate the discussion and conclusions in subsequent sections. Results are presented in figures and tables and some results not requiring documentation are given solely in the text. The discussion should be concise and focused on the interpretation of the results rather than a repetition of the Results section. In the Discussion section, (1) Derive principles, relationships and generalizations based on the presented results, (2) point out exceptions, lack of correlations and any unsettled points and provide known or hypothetical reasons for them, (3) demonstrate how your results and interpretations agree or contrast with the previous work, (4) provide the evidence for each conclusion, and (5) discuss the potential applications of your work. The subheadings of the results should preferably match those of the methods.

4.4. Conclusion: In the Conclusion section, summarize the conclusions based on evidence provided in the article and highlight the significance of the results and/or project. Avoid cite previous work in the Conclusion section. Indicate the potential applicability of proposed methods, with assessments if possible. In research related articles, authors may recommend further directions of the research, as suggested by the results presented in the article.

  1. Figures: Either incorporate the figures into the text or indicate their place in the text. Figures should be clear and the lettering legible and proportional to the size of the figure so that reduction is possible if necessary. Figures will appear in color online and in the final PDF. Please submit all figures in high resolution and without frames around them. Figures, photos, illustrations, schemes and graphs should be referred to in the text as figures and numbered consecutively throughout the paper by Arabic numerals.

Please note that “Figure” is spelled in full spell when it appears in the head of sentences, but that “Fig.” is used at the middle of sentences as follows. Figure 1 shows ..., and the ... in Fig.1 show .....

  1. Tables: Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Each table should have a descriptive title.
  2. References: References must be identified by Arabic numerals (e.g. 1, 2 etc.), numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (between square brackets) and listed at the end of paper.

For example:

Articles in journals:  James, L.D., (1965). Using a digital computer to estimate the effects of urban development on flood peaks. Water Resour. Res. 1(2), 223-234.

Chapters in books: Mickley, M., (2007). In: Wilf, M., Guidebook to Membrane Desalination Technology, Balaban Desalination Publications, L’Aquila, pp. 375–389.

Books: Rodier, J., (1984). L’analyse de l’eau. 7e`me e´dition. Dunod, Paris (Ed), pp. 1365.

Ph.D. Dissertation: Li, S.J., (2013). Study on Urban Flood Risk Management and Practical Technology: A Case Study of Fuzhou City. Ph. D. Dissertation. China Institute of Water Resources & Hydropower Research, Beijing (in Chinese), pp. 75.

  1. List of symbols: A list of symbols is required if equations are used.
  2. English: Please ensure that your paper is well presented in logic and good English.
  3. Plagiarism: Authors should write completely original article. Authors should not use the same sentences or paragraphs taken from other articles. Even if the copied parts are taken from your own articles, the act without proper citation has a possibility to infringe the copyright of other publications. In addition, the act such as composing paragraphs with the sentences taken from previously published articles or the articles available on Internet is also considered an ethical violation. If these prominent acts are observed, the manuscript will not be considered for review.                                                                            
  1. Proofreading the Article: Proofs of articles are usually sent to the corresponding authors by E-mail as an annotated PDF file attachment for correction. Authors should check your proofs carefully and return corrections by E-mail, When proofreading the manuscripts authors should take particular care checking mathematics, tables and references. Only essential corrections should be made.